Test sections, test times and test questions

Does the JLPT include a conversation or composition test?

No, neither is currently included.

What are test sections and test times?

Please refer to “Test Sections and Test Times.”

Beginning with the test in 2020 (December), test times are shorter and the number of questions is smaller for “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary)” and “Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading” for N4 and N5. Does this change the difficulty or the contents of the test questions?

There is no change in the difficulty or the contents of the test questions.

Test times are shorter and the number of questions is smaller for “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary)” and “Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading” for N4 and N5. Will the test results be as reliable as before?

The test results will be as reliable as before.
In general, a larger number of questions is said to improve the reliability of the test results.
This time, the number of questions is reduced for “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary)” and “Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading” for N4 and N5. The changes are based on research into test data since the 2010 revision of the JLPT, and are designed to produce reliable test results even with a smaller number of questions.
There is no change in test times or the number of questions for other levels (N1–N3), or “Listening” for N4 and N5.

Why is the test section “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary/Grammar)・Reading” for N1 and N2 divided into two sections — “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary)” and “Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading” — for N3, N4 and N5?

Because there are fewer test items in vocabulary and grammar that can be included in levels N3, N4 and N5, placing Language Knowledge (Vocabulary/Grammar) and Reading in the same section may inadvertently provide hints for answers. In order to avoid such a situation, two separate test sections — “Language Knowledge (Vocabulary)” and “Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading” — are offered for N3, N4 and N5.

What kinds of questions are in the JLPT?

They are summarized in “Composition of test items.” “Sample Questions” covers all question patterns for all levels. Please take a look at it.

Are all JLPT answers computer scored?

Yes, the JLPT uses a multiple-choice computer-scored answer sheet. There are four choices for most questions, although some “Listening” questions have only three choices.

The last question in “Listening” for N1 and N2 has a note saying, “この問題もんだいには練習れんしゅうはありません。(No practice available for this question.)” What does this mean?

Other “Listening” questions have examples to help examinees understand the form and how to answer. The last question does not have this kind of example with which to practice.

Does the JLPT include questions that require cultural knowledge of Japan?

No question specifically asks cultural knowledge of Japan. Some questions may refer to cultural aspects, but all questions can be answered without cultural knowledge.

Can I keep the test paper after I take the test?

No, you cannot take the test paper with you. If you do, you will automatically fail the test.

Who owns copyrights of the JLPT test questions?

Test question copyrights are held by test organizers, the Japan Foundation and Japan Educational Exchanges and Services.
Unauthorized copying, duplication, and reproduction of test questions is strictly prohibited by law. Test questions may also contain material copyrighted by third parties. When using third-party copyrighted material, permission must be obtained separately from the copyright holder.